CAN Newsletter magazine
In the initial phase of development, companies must tailor control units specifically to the respective test bench or prototype. These units can often only be used once. Due to a customizable controller, soon they will be variable enough for further projects.
The complete article is published in the September issue of the CAN Newsletter magazine 2020. This is just an excerpt.
During the concept development and testing phase, prototypes and test systems typically require electronic components, which have to be developed and manufactured especially for this single use. This generates high costs and the extensive amount of the required time delaying product launch. The costly initial phase rules out a rapid response to changes at short notice. This is a serious disadvantage, particularly for the fast-paced automotive industry. In order to accelerate this step in the process while simultaneously creating space for the flexibility required, the development service provider Arrk Engineering has chosen a different path: Numerous use cases were used to identify frequently requested functions and to develop the relevant components for a modular control device concept, the Build Rapid System (BuildRS). Thanks to this, it is now possible to create measuring and control systems for a wide variety of applications faster and more affordably than before: The components with the functionality required must only be taken from and combined with a pool of existing hardware and software components.
“For many years, we have supported automobile manufacturers and suppliers as their strategic development partner,” explained Zarko Tomic, team leader for software development at Arrk Engineering. “Throughout the course of predevelopment projects, component tests and test series, certain applications emerge time and again. These include the transfer of data and signals via bus systems or wireless networks, the evaluation of sensors and control of motors.” Generally, control devices are developed specifically for these cases – leading to high time and cost requirements due to the low quantity required. Alternatively, teams may resort to universal control devices which are usually oversized for the specific application. Both extend development times and costs, which is a disadvantage in view of the fast pace of the automotive industry.
“We began from this starting point: Instead of repeatedly developing new control units for test devices and prototypes which can only be used for single projects, we wanted to specify components – like Lego bricks – which can be assembled in a few, easy steps to create a unique and freely adaptable control device for the relevant application,” continued Tomic.
Arrk Engineering developed the underlying hardware kit and software in-house. “This was necessary because comparable systems on the market were either too large and cost-intensive for our purposes or were targeted at electronics hobbyists. As a consequence, they were inefficient and unstable,” noted Tomic. Another problem often arose when it was not possible to directly integrate these models into the software, leaving Arrk Engineering unable to perform any comprehensive changes. This prevents the system from being adapted and extended flexibly, which is of great importance in a wide range of projects.
While developing the new control device concept, Arrk Engineering chose an approach as systematic as it was pragmatic: “After the platform concept was established, a new component for our modular control device platform was developed for all subsequent projects requiring a function, which had not previously been necessary,” Tomic recalled. Thus, in the course of the past year, the idea has given rise to a comprehensive modular system – which has continued to grow, much like the customer requirements conveyed throughout the course of numerous projects. Meanwhile, Arrk Engineering can refer to a pool of functions for different possible applications, such as digital or analog inputs and outputs, engine control, and Bluetooth or wireless transmission, and numerous supported bus systems. The portfolio is consistently developed further.
The system, which Arrk Engineering has named BuildRS, comprises two circuit boards: The controller board connects to other devices via CAN and forms the starting point for the unit; the peripheral unit specifies the actual function of the control device. “If, for example, it is necessary to switch from digital to analog inputs or from one sensor to another due to a change in customer requirements, we only have to change the peripheral board,” explained the team leader. “The customer benefits from the quick response time, lower costs, and increased system stability.” There are two options for fitting the boards together: They can be arranged next to each other for easier access to all components, or stacked neatly on top of one another to make the system less vulnerable to external influences. Depending on customer requirements, other connections are possible in addition to CAN by means of an additional module, such as LIN, Bluetooth, or wireless network.
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